Comet Chasing in July


Comet chasing is the visual observation of telescopic comets.

News


  • C/2018 N1 (NEOWISE) is a recent discovery (July 5).  Michael Mattiazzo reported that it is bright enough to be observed visually, and Paul Camilleri confirmed that is was magnitude 11.4 on July 9. This comet will reach perihelion in early August. In late July this it will pass within 0.3 AU of the earth. Peak brightness of magnitude 9.3 is predicted to be on July 27.

  • C/2017 S3 (PANSTARRS) was been found to be in outburst by Michael Jäger on July 2, having brightened by ~3 magnitudes, making it a visually observable object. As of July 2 the moon is interfering, but it without moonlight is may be a binocular object! This comet will reach perihelion in mid August.  If the outburst holds, it may obtain a maximum brightness of magnitude 1.3 in mid August. 

  • C/2016 M1 (PANSTARRS) will reach perihelion in early August. It is predicted to reach maximum brightness of magnitude 8 in late July. 

  • C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) passed perihelion in early May. 

  • 21P/Giacobini-Zinner will next reach perihelion in early September, when it will pass within 0.4 AU of the earth and is predicted to reach maximum brightness of magnitude.

  • C/2016 N6 (PANSTARRS) will reach perihelion in mid July. It is predicted to reach maximum brightness of magnitude 12.3 in late June.

  • 48P/Johnson will next reach perihelion in mid August when it is predicted to reach maximum brightness of magnitude 12.8.

  • 37P/Forbes passed perihelion in early May.

  • C/2017 T3 (ATLAS) will reach perihelion in mid July.

  • 66P/du Toit passed perihelion in mid May.

  • C/2015 O1 (PANSTARRS) is past perihelion, which occurred in mid February 2018.

  • 62P/Tsuchinshan was recovered in August. It had not been seen since 2004. It brightened significantly and passed perihelion in late November. It has recently been too close to the sun to be observed.

  • 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann Primary outbursts, resulting in a brightening of 0.5 - 1.0 magnitudes, occur roughly every 59 days, typically taking 5-10 days to subside. But up to three subsequent outbursts, such as the one ones recently, may occur 5-10 days afterward, each typically smaller than the last, but sometimes they can be even brighter than the first.  

Read about the first interstellar object to pass through our solar system

 

 

Comet Visibility in the Eyepiece

This page uses code developed for SkyTools 3 to predict the visibility of a comet in the eyepiece.  Predicting how much aperture is required to see a comet is a very complex task.  Have a look for yourself: a comparison of the predictions below (such as "visible in small telescopes") to the magnitude of each comet shows just how poor an indicator the magnitude alone really is.  When you read below that a particular aperture is required to see a comet you can have a reasonable degree of confidence that the comet can in fact be seen in the eyepiece. But always remember, comets are like cats. They both have tails and do what they want, and not always what we expect. This is one of the things that makes comet chasing interesting!

Comet Synopses for July


Explanation of Comet Synopses and charts (read this if you have questions)

C/2017 S3 (PANSTARRS): A northern hemisphere morning comet visible in binoculars
This comet began the month in Cassiopeia at magnitude ~13. It was discovered to be in outburst on July 2, brightening to 10th magnitude. Look for a 2.5' coma. It should brighten rapidly, moving into Auriga by month's end.  FINDER CHART
Latitude Visibility June 30 Visibility July 7 Visibility July 14 Visibility July 21 Visibility July 28 Nights Visible
55o N Fairly high during morning twilight at ~00:20 Fairly high during morning twilight at ~00:10 Fairly high in the northern sky during morning twilight at ~00:10 Fairly high in the northern sky during morning twilight at ~00:20 Fairly high in the northern sky during morning twilight at ~01:50 1-
40o N Fairly high during morning twilight at ~03:00 Fairly high in the northern sky at ~00:50 Fairly high at ~02:40 Fairly high in the northern sky at ~02:50 Fairly high in the eastern sky during morning twilight at ~03:30 1-
Equator Low in the northern sky during morning twilight at ~05:00 Low in the northern sky during morning twilight at ~04:50 Low in the northern sky during morning twilight at ~04:50 Low in the northern sky during morning twilight at ~04:50 Low in the northern sky during morning twilight at ~05:10 1-
30o S Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible

C/2016 M1 (PANSTARRS): An evening comet visible in binoculars
This comet begins the month in Ara at magnitude 8.6. Look for a 6' coma. It should fade slowly, moving into Circinus by month's end. The best visibility is early in the month as seen from the southern hemisphere.  FINDER CHART
Latitude Visibility June 30 Visibility July 7 Visibility July 14 Visibility July 21 Visibility July 28 Nights Visible
55o N Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible  
40o N Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible 1-4
Equator Fairly high in the southern sky at ~20:10 Fairly high at ~22:00 Fairly high at ~21:00 Fairly high in moonlight at ~20:00 Fairly high in moonlight at ~20:00 1-
30o S High at ~19:20 High at ~22:00 High at ~21:00 Fairly high in the southern sky at ~02:10 High in moonlight at ~20:20 1-

C/2017 T3 (ATLAS): A southern hemisphere morning comet visible in small telescopes
This comet begins the month in Orion at magnitude 8.6. Look for a 5' coma. It should brighten by about 0.7 magnitudes, moving into Puppis by month's end. The best visibility is late in the month as seen from the southern hemisphere.  FINDER CHART
Latitude Visibility June 30 Visibility July 7 Visibility July 14 Visibility July 21 Visibility July 28 Nights Visible
55o N Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible  
40o N Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible  
Equator Very low in the eastern sky during morning twilight at ~05:10 Very low in the eastern sky during morning twilight at ~05:10 Very low in the eastern sky during morning twilight at ~05:10 Very low in the eastern sky during morning twilight at ~05:20 Not visible 1-26
30o S Low in the eastern sky during morning twilight at ~05:50 Low in the eastern sky during morning twilight at ~05:40 Low in the eastern sky during morning twilight at ~05:40 Low in the eastern sky during morning twilight at ~05:40 Low in the eastern sky during morning twilight at ~05:50 1-

21P/Giacobini-Zinner: An evening comet visible in small telescopes
This comet begins the month in Cygnus at magnitude 11.7. Look for a 2.5' coma. It should brighten rapidly, moving into Cassiopeia by month's end.  FINDER CHART
Latitude Visibility June 30 Visibility July 7 Visibility July 14 Visibility July 21 Visibility July 28 Nights Visible
55o N High during morning twilight at ~00:10 High during morning twilight at ~00:10 High during morning twilight at ~00:10 High during morning twilight at ~00:10 High during morning twilight at ~01:10 1-
40o N Fairly high during evening twilight at ~21:10 High at ~00:50 High at ~02:20 High at ~02:30 High in moonlight at ~02:30 1-
Equator Fairly high in moonlight at ~02:50 Fairly high at ~01:20 Fairly high at ~02:40 Fairly high in the northern sky at ~02:50 Fairly high in the northern sky in moonlight at ~03:00 1-
30o S Very low in the northern sky in moonlight at ~02:50 Very low in the northern sky in moonlight at ~02:50 Not visible Not visible Not visible 1-14

C/2018 N1 (NEOWISE): A morning comet visible in a 6-inch (15 cm) telescope
This comet was discovered in Cetus on July 9 at magnitude 11.3. Look for a 9' coma. It should brighten rapidly, moving into Sagittarius by month's end. The best visibility is late in the month as seen from the southern hemisphere.  FINDER CHART
Latitude Visibility June 30 Visibility July 7 Visibility July 14 Visibility July 21 Visibility July 28 Nights Visible
55o N Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible 8-22
40o N Fairly high in the eastern sky during morning twilight at ~03:10 Fairly high in the eastern sky during morning twilight at ~02:50 Fairly high in the southern sky during morning twilight at ~02:50 Fairly high in the southern sky at ~02:40 Low in the southern sky in moonlight at ~22:50 1-
Equator High during morning twilight at ~04:50 High in moonlight at ~04:40 High at ~04:30 High at ~02:50 High in moonlight at ~22:50 1-
30o S High during morning twilight at ~05:40 High in moonlight at ~05:20 High at ~04:40 High at ~02:50 High in moonlight at ~22:50 1-

364P/PANSTARRS: A southern hemisphere morning comet visible in a 6-inch (15 cm) telescope
This comet begins the month in Hydra at magnitude 11.5. Look for a 2' coma. It should fade slowly, moving into Caelum by month's end. The best visibility is late in the month as seen from the southern hemisphere.  FINDER CHART
Latitude Visibility June 30 Visibility July 7 Visibility July 14 Visibility July 21 Visibility July 28 Nights Visible
55o N Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible  
40o N Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible  
Equator Very low in the western sky during evening twilight at ~19:10 Not visible Not visible Low in the eastern sky during morning twilight at ~05:00 Fairly high during morning twilight at ~05:10 1-4, 16-
30o S Low in the western sky during evening twilight at ~18:30 Low in the western sky during evening twilight at ~18:20 Low in the eastern sky during morning twilight at ~05:40 Fairly high during morning twilight at ~05:30 High during morning twilight at ~05:40 1-

66P/du Toit: A morning comet visible in an 8-inch (20 cm) telescope
This comet begins the month in Cetus at magnitude 10.8. Look for a 5.5' coma. It should fade slowly. The best visibility is mid-month as seen from the southern hemisphere.  FINDER CHART
Latitude Visibility June 30 Visibility July 7 Visibility July 14 Visibility July 21 Visibility July 28 Nights Visible
55o N Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible Low in the southern sky during morning twilight at ~02:20 17-
40o N Low in the southern sky during morning twilight at ~03:20 Low in the eastern sky during morning twilight at ~03:00 Low in the southern sky during morning twilight at ~03:00 Fairly high in the southern sky during morning twilight at ~03:00 Fairly high in the southern sky during morning twilight at ~03:30 1-
Equator High during morning twilight at ~04:50 High in moonlight at ~04:40 High at ~04:40 High at ~04:40 High in moonlight at ~04:50 1-
30o S High during morning twilight at ~05:40 High in moonlight at ~05:20 High at ~05:20 High at ~05:10 High in moonlight at ~04:50 1-

48P/Johnson: A morning comet visible in an 8-inch (20 cm) telescope
This comet begins the month in Aquarius at magnitude 13.3. Look for a 35" coma. It should brighten slowly. The best visibility is late in the month as seen from the southern hemisphere.  FINDER CHART
Latitude Visibility June 30 Visibility July 7 Visibility July 14 Visibility July 21 Visibility July 28 Nights Visible
55o N Low in the southern sky during morning twilight at ~01:20 Low in the southern sky during morning twilight at ~01:00 Low in the southern sky during morning twilight at ~01:00 Low in the southern sky during morning twilight at ~01:10 Low in the southern sky during morning twilight at ~02:00 1-
40o N Fairly high during morning twilight at ~03:00 Fairly high during morning twilight at ~02:40 Fairly high at ~02:40 Fairly high at ~02:40 Fairly high in the southern sky in moonlight at ~02:30 1-
Equator High in moonlight at ~04:10 High at ~01:20 High at ~03:10 High at ~02:40 High in moonlight at ~02:30 1-
30o S High in moonlight at ~04:10 High at ~01:50 High at ~03:10 High at ~02:40 High in moonlight at ~02:30 1-

37P/Forbes: A morning comet visible in a 12.5-inch (32 cm) telescope
This comet begins the month in Pisces at magnitude 12.6. Look for a 2' coma. It should fade slowly.  FINDER CHART
Latitude Visibility June 30 Visibility July 7 Visibility July 14 Visibility July 21 Visibility July 28 Nights Visible
55o N Low in the eastern sky during morning twilight at ~01:10 Low in the eastern sky during morning twilight at ~00:30 Fairly high in the eastern sky during morning twilight at ~00:40 Fairly high in the eastern sky during morning twilight at ~00:40 Fairly high during morning twilight at ~01:40 1-
40o N High during morning twilight at ~03:00 High during morning twilight at ~02:40 High at ~02:40 High at ~02:50 High during morning twilight at ~03:20 1-
Equator High during morning twilight at ~04:50 High in moonlight at ~04:30 High at ~04:10 High at ~03:50 High in moonlight at ~03:30 1-
30o S High in moonlight at ~05:00 Fairly high at ~01:40 High at ~04:10 High at ~03:50 High in moonlight at ~03:20 1-

C/2017 M4 (ATLAS): An evening comet visible in a 12.5-inch (32 cm) telescope
This comet begins the month in Hercules at magnitude 14.2. Look for a 10" coma. It should brighten slowly.  FINDER CHART
Latitude Visibility June 30 Visibility July 7 Visibility July 14 Visibility July 21 Visibility July 28 Nights Visible
55o N High during morning twilight at ~00:00 High during morning twilight at ~00:00 High during morning twilight at ~00:00 High during morning twilight at ~00:10 High during evening twilight at ~22:50 1-
40o N High during evening twilight at ~21:10 High at ~22:20 High at ~21:50 High at ~00:50 High in moonlight at ~21:30 1-
Equator Fairly high at ~20:10 High at ~22:20 High at ~21:40 High in moonlight at ~20:50 High in moonlight at ~21:00 1-
30o S Low in the northern sky in moonlight at ~23:10 Low in the northern sky at ~22:20 Fairly high in the northern sky at ~21:40 Fairly high in the northern sky in moonlight at ~21:00 Fairly high in the northern sky in moonlight at ~20:40 1-

C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS): A far-northern evening comet visible in very large telescopes
This comet begins the month in Lynx at magnitude 11.6. Look for a 2' coma. It should fade slowly, moving into Ursa Major by month's end.  FINDER CHART
Latitude Visibility June 30 Visibility July 7 Visibility July 14 Visibility July 21 Visibility July 28 Nights Visible
55o N Low in the northern sky during evening twilight at ~23:50 Low in the northern sky during morning twilight at ~00:00 Low in the northern sky during morning twilight at ~00:00 Low in the northern sky during morning twilight at ~00:10 Fairly high in the northern sky during evening twilight at ~22:40 1-
40o N Low in the northern sky during evening twilight at ~21:10 Low in the northern sky during evening twilight at ~21:20 Low in the northern sky during evening twilight at ~21:20 Low in the northern sky during evening twilight at ~21:00 Low in the northern sky during evening twilight at ~20:40 1-
Equator Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible  
30o S Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible  

C/2016 N6 (PANSTARRS): A northern hemisphere evening comet visible in very large telescopes
This comet begins the month in Lynx at magnitude 11.8. Look for a 1.5' coma. It should remain constant, moving into Cancer by month's end.  FINDER CHART
Latitude Visibility June 30 Visibility July 7 Visibility July 14 Visibility July 21 Visibility July 28 Nights Visible
55o N Very low in the northern sky during evening twilight at ~22:50 Very low in the northern sky during evening twilight at ~22:30 Not visible Not visible Not visible 1-8
40o N Very low in the western sky during evening twilight at ~21:10 Very low in the western sky during evening twilight at ~20:50 Not visible Not visible Not visible 1-13
Equator Very low in the western sky during evening twilight at ~19:10 Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible 1-5
30o S Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible  

C/2018 EF9 (Lemmon): A northern hemisphere morning comet visible in very large telescopes
This comet begins the month in Cepheus at magnitude 12.1. Look for a 2.5' coma. It should remain constant.  FINDER CHART
Latitude Visibility June 30 Visibility July 7 Visibility July 14 Visibility July 21 Visibility July 28 Nights Visible
55o N High during morning twilight at ~00:10 High during morning twilight at ~00:10 High during morning twilight at ~00:10 High during morning twilight at ~00:10 High during morning twilight at ~00:40 1-
40o N Fairly high during evening twilight at ~21:10 Fairly high at ~00:50 High at ~02:20 High at ~02:10 High in moonlight at ~01:20 1-
Equator Not visible Not visible Very low in the northern sky at ~04:40 Very low in the northern sky at ~02:50 Very low in the northern sky in moonlight at ~01:20 10-25, 27-
30o S Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible Not visible  

C/2015 O1 (PANSTARRS): An evening comet visible in very large telescopes
This comet begins the month in Ursa Major at magnitude 13.9. Look for a 1' coma. It should fade slowly.  FINDER CHART
Latitude Visibility June 30 Visibility July 7 Visibility July 14 Visibility July 21 Visibility July 28 Nights Visible
55o N Fairly high during evening twilight at ~23:40 Fairly high in the western sky during evening twilight at ~23:50 Fairly high in the western sky during evening twilight at ~23:50 Low in the northern sky during morning twilight at ~00:10 Fairly high in the western sky during evening twilight at ~22:30 1-
40o N High during evening twilight at ~21:10 Fairly high during evening twilight at ~21:30 Fairly high during evening twilight at ~21:20 Fairly high during evening twilight at ~21:00 Fairly high during evening twilight at ~20:40 1-
Equator Fairly high at ~19:30 Fairly high at ~19:30 Fairly high in the northern sky at ~19:20 Fairly high in the northern sky during evening twilight at ~19:10 Fairly high in the northern sky during evening twilight at ~19:10 1-
30o S Low in the northern sky during evening twilight at ~18:30 Very low in the northern sky during evening twilight at ~18:30 Very low in the northern sky during evening twilight at ~18:30 Very low in the northern sky during evening twilight at ~18:20 Not visible 1-25, 29-29, 31-

Summary Data for This Month's Telescopic Comets


Comets brighter than 15th magnitude.  This table is updated as necessary.  The last column indicates the date of the last observation used to compute these values.  The constellation listed is where the comet was on the first of the month.
Comet Constellation

July 1st

July 15th

July 31st

Observations as of (UT)
Mag Diam Mag Diam Mag Diam
C/2017 T3 (ATLAS) Orion 8.6 4.3' 8.0 4.9' 7.9 5.4' 2018 June 24
C/2016 M1 (PANSTARRS) Ara 8.6 6.0' 8.7 5.5' 9.0 4.8' 2018 June 24
C/2017 S3 (PANSTARRS) (outburst July 2) Cassiopeia 10.1 1.6' 8.4 2.1' 5.3 3.0' 2018 July 2
66P/du Toit Cetus 11.2 7.0' 11.4 7.0' 11.7 7.0' 2018 June 24
48P/Johnson Aquarius 11.3 4.4' 11.0 4.8' 10.8 5.2' 2018 June 19
364P/PANSTARRS Hydra 11.5 1.7' 11.3 2.1' 11.7 2.0' 2018 June 23
C/2016 R2 (PANSTARRS) Lynx 11.6 2.0' 11.7 2.0' 11.7 2.0' 2018 June 13
21P/Giacobini-Zinner Cygnus 11.7 1.7' 10.8 1.9' 9.7 2.4' 2018 June 23
C/2016 N6 (PANSTARRS) Lynx 11.8 1.5' 11.8 1.4' 11.8 1.4' 2018 June 13
37P/Forbes Pisces 12.1 1.6' 12.1 1.7' 12.2 1.8' 2018 June 24
C/2018 N1 (NEOWISE) Cetus ? ? 10.7 5.5' 9.5 8.8' 2018 July 9
29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann Pisces 13.7 19" 13.6 20" 13.5 20" 2018 June 13
C/2015 O1 (PANSTARRS) Ursa Major 13.9 1.0' 14.0 60" 14.2 57" 2018 June 7
C/2017 M4 (ATLAS) Hercules 14.2 12" 14.1 12" 14.1 12" 2018 June 13

*In solar conjunction and generally not visible

For information about specific comets see Gary W. Kronk's Cometography 

Join the Comet Chasing discussion group 

Further reading: see Comet Chasing, Sky & Telescope, April 2005, pg. 83.

Make your own custom charts for your location and telescope/binoculars: software for comet observing
 

Links

Skyhound's Guide to Comets
Skyhound's Guide to Finding Comets
BAA Comet Section
Weekly Information About Bright Comets
Cometography